Oscar Wilde – resume of his life in english:
Oscar Wilde was born in Dublin in 1854. After studying at Trinity College in Dublin, he was sent to Oxford where he distinguished himself for his eccentricy. He was a disciple of Walter Pater, the theorist of aestheticism in England, and after graduating, he left Oxford and settled in London. In 1881 Wilde edited “Poems” and was engaged for a tour in the United States where he held some lectures about the Aesthetes. He retained that aestheticism was a search for the beautiful, a science through which men looked for the relationship existing between painting, sculpture and poetry. Subsequently he returned to Europe and he married Constance Lloyd who bore him two children. In the end of nineteenth century Wilde wrote a series of short stories: The Canterville Ghost, Lord Arthur Savile’s Crime, The Happy Prince and Other Tales, The Picture of Dorian Grey, The Importance of Being Earnest, Salomé. In 1891 he met the Lord Alfred Douglas with whom he dared to have a homosexual affair. Oscar Wilde was convicted of homosexual practices and then sentenced to two years of hard labour. In prison he wrote “De Profundis”, a long letter to explain his life and to condemn Douglas for abandoning him, published in 1905. After he was released from prison, he lived in France in poverty and he died of meningitis in Paris in 1900.
Oscar Wilde totally adopted the aesthetic ideal. He lived in the double role of rebel and dandy. The Wildean dandy is an aristocratic whose elegance is a simbol of the superiority of his spirit; he uses his wit to shock and is an individualist who demands absolute freedom. The life was addressed to pleasure, and pleasure was beautiful clothes, beautiful talks, delicious food and handsome boys and girls. in this way he rejected the didactisism that had characterized the Victorian novel in the first half of the century.